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Fidanka Vasileva1,2,3, Angjel Vasilev4, Raquel Font Llado1, Georgi Georgiev4

1University of Girona, University School of Health and Sport, Girona, Spain
2Girona Biomedical Research Institute Dr. Josep Trueta, Department of Pediatrics, Girona, Spain
3Elementary School ’’Dimkata Angelov-Gaberot’’, Vatasha, Kavadarci, North Macedonia
4University Ss. Cyril and Methodius, Faculty of Physical Education, Sport and Health, Skopje, North Macedonia

Physical Education Curriculum is Effective in Development of Motor Abilities in 9th grade School Children?

J. Anthr. Sport Phys. Educ. 2021, 5(4), 9-13 | DOI: 10.26773/jaspe.211002


Physical education plays an important role in developing motor abilities, skills and competence in children. Main objective is to evaluate the effectiveness of physical education curriculum by assessing in 9 th grade school- children: (1) abdominal muscle strength; (2) lower back muscle strength; (3) upper limbs muscle strength; (4) lower limbs muscle strength; (5) explosive leg power; and (6) flexibility of the lower back and hamstring muscles, at the beginning, and at the end of the school term. Basic mathematical and appropriate statistical methods were used in order to calculate descriptive statistical parameters, Skewness and Kurtosis values, as well as Kolmogorov- Smirnov test, were used in order to examine whether data have a normal distribution, and a Student’s t-test was applied in order to test if there is a statistically significant difference in children’s motor abilities between the beginning and the end of the school term. For this purpose, we used Microsoft Office Excel 2010. At the end of the second school term, children in 9 th grade have shown better results in all assessed variables, meaning they have increased motor ability levels after 4 months of applying specific exercises within the thematic plan of the physical education curriculum, which leads to the conclusion that physical education curriculum allows us to introduce effective tasks in increasing strength, explosive power and flexibility in 9 th grade school children.


Physical Education, Curriculum, Motor Abilities, Children, Development

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