Enter your details:
Thank you for subscribing.
Subscribe to our newsletter!

Boris Banjevic1

1Faculty for Sport and Physical Education, University of Montenegro, Niksic, Montenegro

Analysis of postural disorders with preschool and school children at the regional level

J. Anthr. Sport Phys. Educ. 2022, 6(2), 9-14 | DOI: 10.26773/jaspe.220402


The aim of this work is to collect relevant research from Montenegro and the region, and their adequate analysis and making meaningful conclusions. The selection of works was made on the basis of issues related to the postural status of preschool and school children and youth. The shortlist included 30 works, which dealt with diagnosing postural status, determining the effects of targeted corrective programs, examining differences in posture in children from urban and rural areas (as well as gender) and discovering the interdependence of deformities with certain segments of anthropological status (usually morphological characteristics).The following conclusions were made: according to almost all the results obtained, the postural status is significantly disturbed and endangered in a large number of children; observed changes in the segments of the locomotor system are mostly of the initial stage, ie. functional type; positive changes in posture have been observed under the influence of applied preventive and corrective exercise programs; equal vulnerability of postural status was found among children from urban and rural areas; the greatest differences in posture between the sexes occur during puberty, and they are detected predominantly on the spinal column; changes in the locomotor system are mostly related to the parameters of the longitudinal dimensionality of the skeleton. The obtained results indicate the need for the implementation of studies that would include the diagnosis and application of experimental exercise programs, in order to gain new experiences and knowledge when applying corrective gymnastics exercises in regular physical education classes.


Postural disorders, Preschool children, School children

View full article
(PDF – 99KB)


Banjevic, B., & Canjak, R. (2016). Effects of the application of corrective exercise on the postural status of children in early adolescence. Unpublished scientific paper. Podgorica: Ministry of Education of Montenegro.

Beganovic, E., & Besovic, M. (2013). Analysis of body posture in younger school age students in the city of Sarajevo. Sports logos, 10, 25-33.

Bogdanovic, Z. (2007). Presence of kyphotic and lordotic bad posture in the school population. II International Conference “Management in Sport”, Proceedings 4, 76-83.

Bogdanovic, Z., & Hadzic, R. (2007). Influence of program corrective exercise on kyphotic posture in the primary school population. Sport Mont, 6(15-16-17) 538-544.

Bogdanovic, Z., & Milenkovic, S. (2008). Morphological space and postural disorders in younger school age. Glasnik ADS, 43, 371-378.

Bogdanovic, Z., & Markovic, Z. (2010). Postrure depending on the presence of deformities of the lower extremities. Glasnik ADS, 45, 403-409.

Canjak, R. (2006). Transversal analysis of the status of wing blades in seventh grade elementary school students. Unpublished diploma thesis. Niksic: Faculty of Philosophy.

Canjak, R. (2009). Transversal analysis of lordosis status in sixth grade elementary school students. Unpublished professional paper. Podgorica: Ministry of Education of Montenegro.

Canjak, R. (2012). Comparative analysis of the postural status of adolescents in rural and urban environments in Montenegro. Unpublished master’s thesis. Niksic: Faculty for sport and physical education.

Jovovic, V. (2008). Corrective gymnastics with kinesitherapy. Nikšic: Faculty of philosophy.

Jovovic, V., Marusic, R., & Mijanovic, M. (1995). Physical deformities of early adolescent students in Montenegro. Physical culture, 1(2), 19-28.

Jovovic, V., & Marusic, R. (1996). Kyphotic and lordotic deviations of the spinal column in school children in Montenegro. Proceedings of the Symposium “Arandjelovac 96”, 8, 145-151.

Jovovic, V., & Canjak, R. (2011). Prevalence of chest and loaptical disorders in school children of different ages. Sport and health, 2(1), 140-146.

Jovovic, V., & Canjak, R. (2012). Frequency and structure of postural disorders in young adolescents in Montenegro. International congress “Anthropological aspects of sports and physical education”, Proceedings, 3, 113-119.

Karelic, S. (2006). Postural status of students higher primary school age. Glasnik ADS, 41, 257-260.

Kosinac, Z., & Banovic, I. (2007). Association between some indicators of improper posture and scoliosis in juvenile children. Life and school, 53, 37-38.

Lastro, D., Ivetic, V., Spasojevic, O., & Jandric, S. (2015). Influence of physical activity on the posture of school-age children. Glasnik ADS, 50, 79-87.

Lafond, D., Descarreaux, M., Normand, M.C., & Harison, D.E. (2007). Postural development in school children: a cross-sectional study. Chiropractic & Osteopathy, 15 (1), 1740-1746.

Medojevic, S., & Jaksic, D. (2007). Differences in postural disorders between boys and girls aged 7-15 in the territory of Vojvodina. Novi Sad: Faculty of sport and physical education.

Milosevic, Z., & Obradovic, B. (2008). Postural status of children from Novi Sad preschool institutions aged 7 years. Glasnik ADS, 43, 301-309.

Niksic, N., Kosinac, Z., & Srzic, M. (2006). Relationships between relevant indicators of postural status and lumbar lordosis in juvenile children. Proceedings of the 16th summer school of kinesiology of the Republic of Croatia, 7, 164-169.

Nozinovic, N., Mikic, B., & Mehinovic, J. (2007). Relationship between proper posture, spinal deformity and foot deformity. Sport, 4 (1), 88-93.

Pausic, J. (2007). Construction and evaluation of measurement procedures for the assessment of posture in boys aged 10-13 years. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Zagreb: Faculty of kinesiology.

Protic-Gava, B., Krneta, Z., Boskovic, K., & Romanija, R. (2010). Postural status of children of younger school age in four discricts of Vojvodina. Glasnik ADS, 45, 375-383.

Protic-Gava, B., Scepanović, T., & Batez, M. (2015). Incidence of postural disorders in relation to adolescents nutritional status. Sport Mont, 13 (43-44-45), 245-251.

Radisavljevic, M., Koturović, L., & Arandjelovic, M. (1982). Study of the foot status of first grade elementary school students from different socio-economic backgrounds. Physical culture, 5, 446-469.

Ristic, V., Markovic, V., & Ljubic, M. (2002). Bone and joint deformities in primary school students in the municipality of Bojnik. Actamedica Medianae, 3, 63-67.

Simov, S., Minic, S., & Stojanovic, O. (2012). Incidence of poor posture and flat feet in preschool children. Apollinem Medicum et Aesculapium, 9 (2), 5-8.

Trajkovic, S., & Nikolic, M. (2008). Analysis of anthropometric measures and postural disorders of children of the 1987 and 2002 generations. Glasnik ADS, 43, 386-391.

Videmsek, M., Klopcic, P., Stihec, J., & Karpljuk, D. (2006). The analysis of the arch of the foot in three-year-old-children-a case of Ljubljana. Kinesiology, 38 (1), 78-85.

Vlasksalic, Z., Bozic-Krstic, V., Obradovic, D., & Srdic, D. (2006). Relationship between anthropometric characteristics and deformities of the locomotor system adolescents. Glasnik ADJ, 41, 213-221.

Zivkovic, D., Milenkovic, S., & Drobnjak, D. (2004). The state of postural disorders and physical deformities of children of younger school age. Sport Mont, 2 (2-3), 421-426.

Watson, K.D., Papageorgiu, A.C., Jones, G.T., Symmons, D.P., Silman, A.J., & Macfarlane, G.J. (2002). Low back pain in schoolchildren: occurrence and characteristics. Pain, 97 (1-2), 87-92.