Enter your details:
Thank you for subscribing.
Subscribe to our newsletter!

Ovbiebo Chinyere Mercy1, Lator Chukwuma Sunday1, Ogbouma Solomon1

1Department of Human Kinetics and Sports Science, Faculty of Education, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria

Implementation of Physical Education component within the basic science and technology curriculum and the time allocation in comparison to other basic science and technology subjects

J. Anthr. Sport Phys. Educ. 2022, 6(3), 15-21 | DOI: 10.26773/jaspe.220703


The objective is to assess the implementation of physical education (PE) component within the basic science technology subjects (BST) curriculum and the time allocation in comparison to other BST subjects. Descriptive survey research was adapted. The population was 109,778, comprising 109,383 students, 78 PE teachers and 317 head teachers of public Junior Secondary School (JSS), representing eighteen (18) Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Edo State. The sample size was 1,060 comprising 70 PE teachers, 90 Head teachers and 900 students; and they were selected using multi-stage sampling procedure. Two instruments were used to obtain data: “Implementation of PE component of BST curriculum questionnaire (IPECBSTCQ) and Time Allocation and General time table information for PE and BST subjects schedule (TAGTIPEBSTS). The cronbach alpha statistics was used to determine the reliability of the instrument, the r-value of 0.95 was obtained for the IPECBSTCQ. Main findings suggest an endorsement of policy statements related to PE within the BST by the PE and Head teachers. Also, PE is not accorded necessary attention compared to other subjects within the BST curriculum. It was concluded that PE and other Head teachers were conversant with National Policy on Education (NPE) stipulations as relates to PE within the BST curriculum; just as it was necessary for more time to be allotted to PE on the general time table in comparison to other BST subjects. It was chiefly recommended that supervisory officials of the Ministry of Education should ensure strict adherence to policy implementation related to PE within the BST.


Physical Education, Basic Science and Technology, Implementation, Curriculum, Time allocation

View full article
(PDF – 607KB)


Abubakar, H., Rabiu, A., Usman, H. & Yahaya, M. (2015). The Impact of Physical Exercise on Junior Secondary School Students‟ Performance In Mathematics: Implication For Scientific And Technological Advancement In Nigeria. International Journal of Technology Enhancements and Emerging Engineering Research, 3(11), 57-61.

Akindutire, I. O. & Olanipekun, J. A. (2014). The Declining Profile of Physical Education Programme in Educational Institutions in Nigeria. Journal of Sports and Physical Education (IOSR-JSPE), 1(4), 15-19. Retrieved August 26, 2019, from http://www.iosrjournals.org

Bovet, P., Damasceno, A., Sambo, B.H., Tesfaye, F. & Armstrong, T.P. (2011). Physical activity in 22 African countries: results from the World Health Organization STEPwise approach to chronic disease risk factor surveillance. Am J Prev Med. 41(1), 52-60.

Carribbean Community Secretariat (CARICOM), (2011). Physical Education and Sports policy for schools(SaintLucia).Retrievedfrom http://www.caricom.org/jsp/community_organs/physedpolicy_Ic.jsp? Menu

Emeh, J., Isangadighi, A. Asuquo, P. Agba, K. & Ogaboh, A. (2011). Curriculum review: Reactions from educational stakeholders in south- south states of Nigeria. Global Journal of Human Social Science, 11(2), 33-42.

Hardman, K. & Marshall, J. (2019). Survey of School Physical Education: Second World-wide Survey of School Physical Education. Retrieved from https://www.icsspe.org/content/physical-education

Ibenegbu, G. (2018). Factors affecting curriculum implementation in Nigeria. Retrieved from https://www.legit.ng/1167582-factors-affecting-curriculum-implementation-nigeria.html

Kahiga, M.R. (2014). A Comparative Evaluation of the Implementation of the Physical Education Curriculum in Nairobi and Nyeri Pre-Schools. Published PhD, Thesis, Department of Educational Communication and Technology of University of Nairobi.

Lator, C.S. (2021). Evaluation of the National Physical Education Curriculum and Sports Programme Policy Implementation in Public Junior Secondary Schools in Edo State. An Unpublished Ph.D Thesis, University of Benin, Benin City.

National Policy on Education (2013). Lagos: Federal Government of Nigeria Press

Post Primary Education Board, Edo State (2021). Population of teachers (according to subjects) and students in public junior secondary schools for each Local Government Area in Edo State.

Ojeme, E. O. (1990). A search for logical sequence of knowledge in physical education. International Journal of Physical Education, 27(3) Germany

Omorogiuwa, O.K. (2010). An Introduction to Educational Measurement and Evaluation. Benin City: Perfect Touch Prints.

Ongong’a, J.O., Okwara, M.O. & Okello, J.M. (2010). Sports and secondary school education in Kenya. Educational Research, 1 (11), 609-617.

Osborne, R., Belmont, R.S., Peixoto, R.P., Azevedo I.O.S. & Carvalho, A.F.P. (2016).

Obstacles for physical education teachers in public schools: An unsustainable situation, Motriz, Rio Claro, 22(4), 310-318

Piasta, S.B., Justice, L.M., McGinty, A., Mashburn, A., & Slocum, L. (2015). A Comprehensive Examination of Preschool Teachers’ Implementation Fidelity When Using a Supplemental Language and Literacy Curriculum. Child and Youth Care Forum, 44(5), 731-755. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10566-015-9305-2

Quick, S., Simon, A., & Thornton, A. (TNS-BMRB) (2010). PE and sport survey 2009/10 DFE RR032

Sacli, Fatma, Demirhan, Giyasettin, Yesim, Bulca & Murat, Kangalgil (2014). Physical education teachers' problems in practice and suggested solutions. Hacettepe University Journal of Education. 29. 57-68.

Ugwuanyi, J.I. (2013). Availability, Adequacy and Utilization of Resources for Effective Teaching of Physical Education in Secondary Schools in Enugu State.

Varja, E. (2018). The importance of quality physical education for a developing country: case study of physical education teacher training in Tanzania. Master Thesis, University of Jyvaskyla.

Wanyama, M.N. & Quay, J. (2014). The challenges of teaching physical education: Juxtaposing the experiences of physical education teachers in Kenya and Victoria (Australia). African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance, 20(2:2), 745-754.