Enter your details:
Thank you for subscribing.
Subscribe to our newsletter!

Dusko Bjelica1, Jovan Gardasevic1, Ivan Vasiljevic1, Bojan Masanovic1, , ,

1University of Montenegro, Faculty for Sport and Physical Education, Niksic, Montenegro

Changes in the Morphological Characteristics and Body Composition of Elite Montenegrin Football Players during the Competition Period

J. Anthr. Sport Phys. Educ. 2020, 4(3), 15-18 | DOI: 10.26773/jaspe.200703


The goal of this research was to assess the quantitative and qualitative changes imposed by training and competition with help of selected variables of morphological characteristics and body composition which were measured in elite football players of First Montenegrin Telecom League at two different time points during the competition period. In this study 28 male football players (22.5±5.87 yrs.) of OFK Titograd from Podgorica who compete in the First Montenegrin Telecom League were enrolled. The measurements were carried out in January and then again, after 30 days, in February. Morphological characteristics in the body composition were evaluated by a battery of 11 variables: body height, body weight, waist circumference, triceps skinfold, biceps skinfold, back skinfold, abdominal skinfold, body mass index, fat percentage and muscle mass. The differences in morphological characteristics and the composition of the body in two periods during the competition period were determined by using a discriminatory parametric procedure with t-test for small independent samples. It was found that in football players of OFK Titograd in 30 days significant changes are observed for 3 variables, for upper arm skinfolf - triceps, back skinfold and abdomen skinfold.


Soccer Players, Anthropometrics Characteristics, Body Composition

View full article
(PDF – 320KB)


Arifi, F., Bjelica, D., & Masanovic, B. (2019). Differences in anthropometric characteristics among junior soccer and handball players. Sport Mont, 17( 1), 45-49. https://doi.org/10.26773/smj.190208

Aslan, A., Salci, Y., & Guvenc, A. (2019). The effects of weekly recreational soccer intervention on the physical fitness level of sedentary young men. Montenegrin Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 8( 1), 51-59. https://doi.org/10.26773/mjssm.190308

Bjelica, D., Gardasevic, J., & Vasiljevic, I. (2018). Differences in the morphological characteristics and body composition of football players FC Sutjeska and FC Mladost in Montenegro. Journal of Anthropology of Sport and Physical Education, 2 (2), 31-35. https://doi.org/10.26773/jaspe.180406

Bjelica, D., Gardasevic, J., Masanovic, B., & Vasiljevic, I. (2020). Soccer National Team of Kosovo (U19) in Comparison with Other Players in this Country with Regards to Anthropometric Characteristics and Body Composition. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 9( 1), 1-7.

Bjelica, D., Gardasevic, J., Vasiljevic, I., Arifi, F., & Sermaxhaj, S. (2019). Anthropometric measures and body composition of soccer players of Montenegro and Kosovo. Journal of Anthropology of Sport and Physical Education, 3 (2), 29-34. https://doi.org/10.26773/jaspe.190406

Bjelica, D., Gardasevic, J., Vasiljevic, I., Jeleskovic, E., & Covic, N. (2019). Body Composition and Morphological Characteristics of Soccer Players in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Kinesiologia Slovenica, 25 (1), 5–13. ISSN 1318-2269

Bjelica, D., Masanovic, B., & Krivokapic, D. (2020). A comparative study of anthropometric measurements and body composition between junior football and basketball players from the Serbian National League. Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity, 12 (1), 11-19. https://doi.org/10.29359/BJHPA.12.1.02

Bosch, T.A., Raymond-Pope, C., & Dengel, D.R. (2018). Changes in Total and Regional Body Composition during the season in Division 1 Football Players. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 50, 146. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000535564.17447.5a

Bunc, V., Hrasky, P., & Marie Skalska, M. (2015). Changes in Body Composition, During the Season, in Highly Trained Soccer Players. The Open Sports Sciences Journal, 8, 18-24.

Cichy, I., Dudkowski, A., Kociuba, M., Ignasiak, Z., Sebastjan, A., Kochan, K., Koziel, S., Rokita, A., & Malina, R.M. (2020). Sex Differences in Body Composition Changes after Preseason Training in Elite Handball Players. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17( 11), 3880. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113880

Cossio-Bolanos, M., Portella, D., Hespanhol, J.E., Fraser, N., & De Arruda, M. (2012). Body size and composition of the elite peruvian soccer player. Journal of Exercise Physiology, 15( 3), 30-39.

García, M., Martínez-Moreno, J.M., Reyes-Ortiz, A., Suarez Moreno-Arrones, L., García A.A., & Garcíacaballero, M. (2014). Changes in body composition of high competition rugby players during the phases of a regular season; influence of diet and exercise load. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 29( 4), 913-921.

Gardasevic, J., Akpinar, S., Popovic, S., & Bjelica, D. (2019). Increased Perceptual and Motor Performance of the Arms of Elite Water Polo Players. Applied Bionics and Biomechanics, 2019, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/6763470

Gardasevic, J., Bjelica, D., & Popovic, S. (2015). The effects of the training in the preparation period on the agility transformation with cadet level football players. Sport Mont, 13 (43-44-45), 355-60.

Gusic, M., Popovic, S., Molnar, S., Masanovic, B., & Radakovic, M. (2017). Sport-Specific Morphology Profile: Differences in Anthropometric Characteristics among Elite Soccer and Handball Players. Sport Mont, 15 (1), 3-6.

Harley, J.A., Hind, K., & O’Hara, J.P. (2011). Three-compartment bodycomposition changes in elite rugby league players during a superleague season, measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25 (4), 1024-1029.

Krespi, M., Sporis, G., & Popovic, S. (2019). Exponential versus linear tapering in junior elite soccer players: effects on physical match performance according to playing positions. Montenegrin Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 8 (1), 17-22. https://doi.org/10.26773/mjssm.190303

Masanovic, B. (2019). Comparative Study of Morphological Characteristics and Body Composition between Different Team Players from Serbian Junior National League: Soccer, Handball, Basketball and Volleyball. International Journal of Morphology, 37 (2), 612-619.

Masanovic, B., Milosevic, Z., & Bjelica, D. (2019). Comparative study of anthropometric measurement and body composition between soccer players from different competitive levels, elite and sub-elite. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 23 (6), 282-287.

Morris F.L, Payne W. (1996) Seasonal variations in the body composition of lightweight rowers. British Journal of Sports Medicine 30, 301-304.

Ostojic, S. (2002). Changes in body fat content of Top-Level soccer players. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 1 (2), 54-55.

Popovic, S., Akpinar, S., Jaksic, D., Matic, R., & Bjelica, D. (2013). Comparative Study of Anthropometric Measurement and Body Composition between Elite Soccer and Basketball Players. International Journal of Morphology, 31 (2), 461-467.

Popovic, S., Bjelica, D., Jaksic, D., & Hadzic, R. (2014). Comparative study of anthropometric measurement and body composition between elite soccer and volleyball players. International Journal of Morphology, 32(1), 267-274. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022014000100044

Sermaxhaj, S., Popovic, S., Bjelica, D., Gardasevic, J., & Arifi, F. (2017). Effect of recuperation with static stretching in isokinetic force of young soccer players. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 17 (3), 1948-1953. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2017.03191

Siders, W.A., Bolonchuk, W.W., & Lukaski, H. (1991) Effects of participation in a collegiate sport season on body composition. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 31 (4), 571-576.

Silvestre, R., Kraemer, W.J., West, C., Judelson, D.A., Spiering, B.A., Vingren, J.L., Hatfield, D.L., Anderson, J.M., & Maresh, C.M. (2006). Body composition and physical performance during a national collegiate athletic associa-tion division i men ́s soccer season. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20 (4), 962-970.

Sutton, L., Scott, M., Wallace, J., & Reilly, T. (2009). Body composition of Eng-lish premier league soccer players: influence of playing position, international status, and ethnicity. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27 (10), 1019-1026.

Trajkovic, N., Sporis, G., Vlahovic, T., Madic, D., & Gusic, M. (2018). Post-match changes in mus-cle damage markers among u-21 soccer players. Montenegrin Journal of Sports Science and Med-icine, 7 (2), 49-53. https://doi.org/10.26773/mjssm.180908